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Castor Products

Castor Products
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(1) Refined Castor Oil (FSG):
Castor oil, produced from castor beans, has long been considered to be of important commercial value primarily for the manufacturing of soaps, lubricants, and coatings, among others. Global castor oil production is concentrated primarily in a small geographic region of Gujarat in Western India. This region is favourable due to its labour-intensive cultivation method and subtropical climate conditions.

Castor oil is a yellow viscous liquid free from suspended matter and insoluble in water. It is produced by refining commercial grade Castor Oil after undertaking bleaching and filtering process. Castor oil has multiple industrial applications and is extensively demanded in Lubricants, Paints, Pharmaceuticals, Cable insulators, Sealants, Inks, Rubber and Textiles etc. It is also used to relief Constipation, Eyelashes grow, Hair grow, Skin moisturized to improve immunity function. It is also used for applying on food grains to protect from the insects/fungus.

Castor oil has long been used commercially as a highly renewable resource for the chemical industry. It is a vegetable oil obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor oil plant (Ricinus communis) that is mainly cultivated in Africa, South America, and India. Major castor oil-producing countries include Brazil, China, and India. This oil is known to have been domesticated in Eastern Africa and was introduced to China from India approximately 1,400 years ago. India is a net exporter of castor oil, accounting for over 90% of castor oil exports, while the United States, European Union, and China are the major importers, accounting for 84% of imported castor oil.

Castor beans are cultivated for their seeds yielding a viscous, pale yellow non-volatile and non-drying castor oil. Castor beans, the source of castor oil, contain some allergenic (2S albumin) proteins as well as ricin; however, processed or refined castor oil is free from any of these substances and can be safely used in pharmaceutical applications. This can be attributed to its wide range of biological effects on higher organisms. Ricin is found exclusively in the endosperm of castor seeds and is classified as a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein. Type 2 ribosome-inactivating proteins such as ricin from castor oil are lectins, which irreversibly inactivate ribosomes, thus stopping protein synthesis and eventually leading to cell death. This makes ricin a potent plant toxin.

Castor oil is a promising commodity that has a variety of applications in the coming years, particularly as a renewable energy source. Essential to the production and marketing of castor oil is the scientific investigation of the processing parameters needed to improve oil yield. In the recent years, machine learning predictive modelling algorithms and calculations were performed and implemented in the prediction and optimization of any process parameters in castor oil production. Utilization of an artificial neural network (ANN) coupled with genetic algorithm (GA) and central composite design (CCD) experiments were able to develop a statistical model for optimization of multiple variables predicting the best performance conditions with minimum number of experiments and high castor oil production.

As a source of biodiesel, recent studies showed that the biodiesel synthesis from castor oil is limited by a number of factors that include having the proper reaction temperature, oil-to-methanol molar ratio, and the quantity of catalyst. A study using response surface methodology as a model has been used to optimize the reaction factor for biodiesel synthesis from castor oil. Biodiesel production from castor oil is, indeed, a promising enterprise. Advances in models and simulations have facilitated optimization of key processing parameters necessary to obtain good yields of such biodiesel.

(2) Castor De-Oiled Cake
Castor De-Oiled Cake is one of the most versatile natural manures. It is truly organic manure, which enhances the fertility of the soil without causing any damage or decay. It is enriched with the three big elements vital and conducive to the proper growth of crops - Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium. It also has traces of nutrients like Manganese, Zinc and Copper, thus making it a balanced fertiliser.

Moreover, it helps to neutralise the detrimental effects of chemical fertilisers. Apart from their contribution to Nutrients, they have a number of benefits in agriculture, which none of the synthetic fertilizers or pesticides can offer. They bring in the wonderful molecules that nature has designed to help the plants flourish naturally. They provide slow and steady nourishment, stimulation, protection from soil nematodes and insects; improve yields, and quality of product like taste, flavour, amino acid composition etc.

Castor Oil Cake is an excellent fertilizer because of high content of Nitrogen, Phosphoric Acid and Potash and moisture retention and it is the prominent organic fertilizer can be used to as alternatives to chemical fertilizer. Simple manure, which acts progressively, encourages soil microbial activity. 100 kg of Castor Oil cake brings to the floor as much nitrogen (N) as 1200 kg of cow dung. The Castor Oil cake has insecticidal properties and naturally pest repellent. It is can be used in organic farming.
● Castor seeds without the hull are used for birth control, constipation, leprosy, and syphilis.
● Castor oil is used as a laxative for constipation, to start labour in pregnancy, and to start the flow of breast milk.
● Some people apply castor seed paste to the skin as a poultice for inflammatory skin disorders, boils, carbuncles, pockets of infection (abscesses), inflammation of the middle ear, and migraine headaches.
● Castor oil is used topically to soften skin, bunions and corns; and to dissolve cysts, growths, and warts. It is also applied to the skin for osteoarthritis. Some women put castor oil inside the vagina for birth control or to cause an abortion. Castor oil is used in the eyes to soothe membranes irritated by dust or other materials.
● In manufacturing, castor seeds are used to make paints, varnishes, and lubricating oils.

Industrial Chemicals - Castor oil is a proven competitor in the industrial chemical markets. It is a critical raw material for this market. It is practical, natural, renewable and very versatile, and it has been a staple for the Oleo chemical markets for a very long time. Castor oil has been called on to resolve numerous formulating and processing needs because of its unique fatty acid structure.

Castor Oil is the raw material for the production of a number of chemicals, notably sebacic acid, undecylenic acid, and nylon-11. The production of lithium grease consumes a significant amount of castor oil. Castor oil is also widely used as a bio-based polyol in the polyurethane industry.

Cosmetics - The demand for Castor oil is expected to increase as a result of rapid urbanization, growing middle-class and increasing demand for sustainable products. Increasing purchasing power, growing economic prosperity and affordability of products has resulted in growth in demand for consumer products, such as personal care & cosmetics. The young generation is investing heavily to attaining better looks, grooming and styling. The demand for natural cosmetics & personal care products has been driving innovation in the cosmetics sector across the globe. The demand for cosmetics & personal care products with natural ingredients is expected to rise in the coming years with consumers becoming more concerned about personal care and the ingredients found in them. Moreover, there is a shift in the present trends towards using more environmentally friendly and vegan ingredients in this industry.